tv BBC World News WHUT January 21, 2010 6:30pm-7:00pm EST
♪ >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesss to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> now bbc "world news." >> the scale of haiti's horror confirmed. at least 75,000 quake victims have been counted in mass graves. china is on the verge of becoming the world's second biggest economy. >> is this an affront to women's dignity. france moves to ban muslim wearing veils in public. very warm welcome. and to the viewers -- viewers
around the globe. >> peace at any price. the afghan president tells the bbc he's prepared to pay taliban fighrs to swap sides in the war. >> and kicking out the kids. italy plans a crackdown on the children who just won't leave home. ♪ >>ello to you. as haiti's official death toll reaches 75,000. that's the number just so far countried in mass graves. and it has been buffeted by two more aftershocks. it is estimated almost half a million people are homeless, camps are to be built for them outside the capital and the main port has finally partially reopened to speed the supply of aid. but still, nine days after the strongest earthquake in two centurys, help is not reaching those that need it.
bbc's correspondent is in port-au-prince. >> vital equipment coming ashore to help reopen haiti's only port. a difficult maneuver on a makeshift ramp. and u.s. commanders say as of today, the port is back in business and some aid can start arriving. but it won't be business as usual. the port has been shatter. sections have literally been torn apart. and shipping containers pitched into the water. and cranes that could be off loading lifesaving supplies, listing and idle. this pier can only be used for light traffic now. heavy equipment be can't be brought through because it is unstable. if y come down here, you get a sense of the damage that was done by the earthquake. and this massive concrete pillar was actually ripped out of the ground. and over here, you could see how
sections of the tarmac were pried apart. wide gaps have opened up and huge chunks have just fallen into the sea. securing the pier is vital. so divers have been at work, checking the damage, concealed beneath the water. >> losing this pew we'll lose the majority of us being able to bring the human man tain needs in. if it goes under we almost shut down. >> is this the lifeline to the aid effort? >> yes, ma'am. >> some aid is getting through, but it is limited and frustration is building. and at this aid distribution today, it was a case of snatch and grab or go hungry. u.n. troops and patient police just watching from the sidelines. and at the airport, crowds cry out for even a single bottle of water, as aid trucks passed by.
and they wait here for work and for food. and get neither. and has anybody here received any aid of any kind? >> no. >> no. >> nobody have. >> no one is helping you? >> no. >> if we all aid, we expect it. don't come yet. we don't know why. but, our children at this time are are dying and are suffering. >> and that suffering has now lasted for more than a week. and still, haiti waits. for the help to match the promises. >> and bbc news port-au-prince. >> china long touted as irkse's economic power house has confounded all expectations. new figures released by the government suggest it shrugged off the recession. it grew by 8.7% last year. that puts it on course to overtake japan as the world's second biggest economy. the bbc's damion reports.
>> these are cardboard models. the real things won't be built for two years. but in beijing, the people times are pack after property prices rose 50% last year. people are signing up to secure one. >> this man is 34 years old and in advertising. he half a million to spend in cash. for that he could afford the three bedroom show home. he'll have to pay more for the chandelier and fittings. he's confident he's bagging a bargain. >> i don't believe china's property market will crash. if you look at the last 10 years, people that bought flats have made lots of money. prices just keep going up. >> and extraordinary fact confirmed today is that it is china's economy that is powering ahead, while the west is struggling to emerge from the downturn. the reason, china's massive $580
stimulus program has worked better than any other in the world and it is cutting infrastructure. like the world's fastest train. 8 million miles of track will be laid in three years. this is a brand new shopping mall just opened here in beijing. and china is getng richer, so people are spend could not --ing and consuming like never before. they're anxious not to be seen as a rich nation because millions are not sharing this prosperity. >> and the gap with the have nots in today's china is now huge. and after all of the grothe, average earnings here remain a fraction of the west. as china's bureau of statistics was keen to point out today. >> there are still over 150 million poor people in china that earn less than a dollar a
day. it is still a developing country. >> right here now, the prices like the property market maybe overheated. and china must cool the economy down. it is a predicament many in the west might envy. bbc news, beijing. >> let's round up the other main news for you. president obama suggested sweeping rules to curb the size of big banks and their risk taking. he said banks safeguarded by taxpayer's money shouldn't take unnecessary risks and they should close loopholes. and the british prime minister is to give evidence at the quck's inquiry into the iraq war before this year's general election. it was expected gordon brown wouldn't be called until afterward. the pressure on him has been moipting. nigeria's vice president has ordered the army to take over security around the central city of josh to prevent further clashes.
days of sectarian violence have left more than 40e67 dead. the 24-hour curfew has now been relaxed. and women in france could soon be banned from wearing a muslim veil that covers their face in public places. and we understand that a parliamentary commission which has been taking evidence for six months has decided that wearing the burka or veil should be restricted. here's the editor. >> crystal is 36. she's married to an al jeerian and wears a veil. increasingly there are sign it is could be banned in public places in france. and a commission is set to say next week, there's no place for fully veiled women in the french republic. and that will be just an opinion. but many believe legislation will follow. >> in our country, the face is a way to recognize and to respect each other. when you cover your face, you
cannot have a real discussion with the other person. >> crystal has five children. many muslims say there's nothing in islam that requires women to wear full face veils. but she doesn't accept that. >> whether it is about religion or not, i don't want any man to be attracted to me apart from my husband. >> some are talking about enforcing a ban with fines. translator: translator: we have no intention of paying fines, that's for sure. i think it is terrible to arrest somebody for the way they dress. they're not going to arrest us in front of our children, are they? >> france is the midst of a debate about national identity. here the immigration minister eric, visited the troubled suburb. some say the whole debate feels directed at them. we feel like poison said one man. so these are sensitive times. but m.p.'s are openly discussing
how a future law could be enforced against the burka wearers. >> if a woman is wearing a burka, or nihab on the street, the miss will come and take her home. if there's a second attempt, she will certainly be taken back again and a third will get a fine. >> so why is this debate happening now. some say politicians see it is a a vote wier a and that play be true. but as muslims become more visible, there's a concern that some are pushing separate identities and that could lead to parallel, rather than integrated communities. here at the french parliament, an intense debate lies ahead. it was president sarkozy that started it by saying that the french less and less feel they share a common culture. the question is whether singling out these will help and whether a ban can be enforced.
gavin hewitt, bbc news, paris. >> the after gap president car sigh has told the bbc he wants peace with the taliban at any price. he's asking america and britain to support a plan to pay insurgents to stop fighting. >> this is a country which has not known what it is like to be at peace for 30 years. only three days ago, the taliban staged a daring series of raids right in the center of kabul. now president car sigh is offering them a new deal. >> you're looking well. >> not bad. >> he's proposde reconciliation before but the americans in particular have never been in fwafere. now he said they changed their minds. >> we have been talking about this -- issue of this for a long
time now, they're actually backing it. we know as the afghan people that we must have peace. at any cost. >> any coast? >> any cost. any cost. that means that -- that war is not the only way forward. >> so he'll try to win the tall bn over with money. >> those that will return will be provided with the abilities to work. to find jobs, to have protection and resettle in their own communities. >> a lot of the gore guerillas are just poor farmers that joined the taliban because they pay well, better than the government pays policeman and soldiers. and now president karzai says japan and other countries will put up the cash to lure them back. he's got to come up with something. when you speak to ordinary people here, they think he's too much under the thumb of the
british and the warlords and so on. there's huge re-election -- his re-election is greatly questioned. is he weak president? >> partly true. partly not true. as far as the means of power are concerned, yes. my presidency is week. as to the means of power. which means money and equipment which means manpower, which means capacity. but where legitimacy is concerned for the past eight years afghanistan has had perhaps the most legitimate of governments ever seen. >> the british and americans have had their doubts about that, which has annoyed him greatly. now the americans and the british and the rest need him to succeed. because they want to get out of here as soon as possible. if president karzai could win
over big sections of the 258 taliban, it won't just help them, it'll help them too. bbc news kabul. >> stay with us, if you can. still to come, we're in the most dangerous world in the country for journalists. a special report on the recent killings in the philippines. first the last of a group of 78 asylum psychers on a australian customs ship have left. and they're to be resettled in stwrailia and the philippines. they were intercepted in indonesia waters last year as they tried to reach australia. this report from the capital, jakarta. >> for these 16 refugees, today marked the end of a very long journey. and they're the last of 78 others to heave the indonesian detention center and depart for their new homes.
and some, lucky enough to head to the destination of their choice, australia, while others still have to wait. there were 16 immigrants from sri lanka. three are going to the philippines. >> negotiations between the indonesian and australian governments over who should have the asylum seekers have bee ten to make matters worse, the refugees refused to get off their boat, the viking. a deal struck last year saw australia promising to look after the refugees. but no such luck for this other group of sri lankaen asylum seekers. over 200 have been on the indonesian boat for over three months now. they are refusing to get off and -- unless they're guaranteed safe passage to australia. and indonesia says it wants a australia's help to resolve this
refugee standoffoo. and the krps of those on board is deteriorating day by day. and one man, has already died. and at least one more is reportedly very ill. a speedy resolution for these refugees is critical. and time could be running out. bbc news, jakarta. >> latest headlines for you on bbc "world news." the figures from haiti suggests 75,000 quake victims have so far been buried in mass graves. and china is firmly on course to overtake japan as the world's second biggest economy. the latest figures show that it is expanding strongly. >> and dozens of journalists have died in afghanistan and iraq but the most dangerous country in the world for reporters is the philippines. and the south is the most dangerous part. and at the end of last year 57
people were murdered, half journalists. the bbc's correspondent has been investigating. >> the safest way it travel through this area is riding shotgun with the army. insurgents and powerful clams fighting for wealth and influence have made it a lawless place. people are used to killings but what happened here was truly shocking. in this beautiful and secluded spot, 57 people were executed. so buried in a mass grave. and this was the immediate aftermath. we can't show most of the pictures. and many were women, one was pregnant and half were journalists. and they were shot in the face, the head, the groin. some many times. and then buried in a mass frabe, dug in advance. it was well planned. >> the bodies were buried here. >> and this was one of the journalists following a local politician's wife to register him as an election candidate but
he was delayed. forgotten laptop charger saved his life. >> many journalists sacrificed their life. i'm going to sacrifice it for the sake of freedom and democracy and for the sake of good. >> this is an do you he denies multiple charges of murder. he reported how he led the massacre. two members of one family were also arrested. the government allowed them to run a private army, some local police and military officers are accused of being complicit. the weapons recovered are thought to bjustice a fraction of their armory. and 12 of the journalist who is were killed are buried together. and nancy de la cruz lost her daughter gina. five children also lost their mother. and mariner lot her husband.
>> this is a picture of my husband. baby. and they have money. they have the power. and they have the guts to -- to kill innocent people. and maybe the government is protecting them. >> in one of the poorest parts of the country, the crine ebel -- incredible accumulated by the families is even more obvious. this is one of the mansions owned by this family. they have t money and a private army and up until now, they have been allowed to do what they like by the country's leadership in exchange for votes and political support. this time it appears the warlords have gone too far for the government to ignore. taming powerful familys for good, though, is a much bigger challenge. bbc news, in the southern philippines. >> now this will be quite a standoff, when sri lanka goes to
the polls next tuesday to elect a president most people will choose between their current leader and his former army chief and friend general ponsaka. the correspondent gained rare actess to the town of jafna. it was a tunnel tiger bastian. >> and calm has returned to jafna's waters after decades of turbulence. it is a tense peace but after years of restrictions the fishermen tell us they could sail to more places and find markets at home too. some at least can't wait for this election. >> election -- >> it is important to vote says this man, after all, this is for our president. earlier we were voting under threat. and now we're free and people can decide for themselves who is good for the country. >> jafna was the crucible of sri
lankaen civil war. them posing puic library was attacked by by mobs in 191e. its collection of books one of the greatest in asia was rust reduced to ashes. a highly symbolic moment and a trigger for the outbreak of allout conflict a couple of years later. >> in jafna, the legacy of war is plain. land mines are still a threat. and in this converted cinema, well guarded is the bunker like office of douglas. his party is part of the sri lankaen government. he rejects accusation that is it has a para military wing and he says the president deserves re-election for bringing peace. >> people join us. they laugh and smile. that the difference. people feel -- they given peace. >> but it is almost entirely
tamil city is not swept by election fever. the two main candidates have visited and campaigned, but it seems jafna's main priority is picking up the old rhythms of normal life, getting back to business. besides it doesn't seem to be a level playing field. and posters of the president are everywhere. and the bbc saw anyone of his val, general fonseka. we were told people were frightened to put them up. some want the president out and are supporting general fonseka. the alliance a group close to the rebels feels the army chief is more likely to find a solution to tamil concns, perhaps giving them more autonomy. it doesn't want a powerful presidency anyway. >> it is not a powerful -- cannot be a powerful president because he doesn't come from a party. he'll abweak president and he will of course have -- have to be forced to consult minorities
as well. >> and jafna's streets contain many tamil war refugees recently freed from government camps. others remain in camps nearby and many missed out on registering to vote because of war and displacement. president paxka's government is in charge. people attend the event that it organizes like this harvest celebration. but it is hard to tell how many will turn out to vote. many feel neither candidate is addressing their people's wish to live equal to the majority. some fear voting. and others after a generation of violence want their democratic voice to be heard. and bbc news jafna. >> now how about this? home cooked meals and laundry
service and an ear, sounds great. for many italians it is a great reason to live at hem as long as possible. a government minister is talk of a a law to fours r force children out of the nest at 18. duncan kennedy reports. >> known as the stay at homers, this is one of those children that failed to launch. he's doted on by mamma. a cup of coffee, no problem. and shirts ironed, of course. and making the bed, you name it. and a lack of money and italy's tradition of close families are all reasons why he's still not flown the nest. >> it play delay, and -- and nobody is better than my mother. she's a wonderful cook. sleaze attentive around the house and it gives me time to dedicate myself to my life. >> older off spring at home have become a political issue here. and following a court case where
a father was forced to pay than and an allowance to his 32-year-old live-in daughter. one government minister responded by saying, there should be a law making young people move out. but moms like perina say it is natural to stay. >> i'm happy to have my son with us. we get older and it is nice to have company. someday he will is to leave and have his on family. for the moment it is good. >> mamma and boys and girls, and eternal adolescence. they have been called absolutely everything. the chances of an actual law being passed making them leave home are pretty slim. and what it has done is started a debate between when childhood ends and adulthood really begins. >> and when home is a bit like a hotel, it can be hard checking out. and many like this person want to say good-bye but for now he's part of a generation that don't
get up and go. duncan kennedy. bbc news, in rome. >> more on that and all international news on our website, bbc.com. the main news from haiti, a reminder, the death toll 75,000. that's the number counted in mass tcomplafse. and there have been two more aftershocks. it is estimated half a million people are homeless. camps will be built for them outside the capital. >> thanks for being with us. on bbc "world news." [funding for this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, the newman's own foundation, and the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation.] >> and union bank. ♪ ♪